Web Development Process

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The process of creating a website isn’t as easy as 1-2-3. Each development path is different based on the type of website, coding languages, and resources.

The following section serves as a brief overview of the web development process and a short introduction into the most common languages.

Planning Your Website and Creating a Sitemap

All websites start with a plan. Developers call this plan a wireframe or sitemap (not to be confused with sitemap.XML, which is a file that helps SERPs crawl and find your site). It doesn’t have to be an official document; it’s simply a vision for your site that’ll give both you and your developer(s) direction and a place to start. You can draw it on a whiteboard or use a tool like InvisionSlickplan, or Mindnode.

Here are a few questions to ask yourself when planning your site.

  • What individual pages do you want? What content will be on those pages?
  • How can you organize those pages into categories? (These categories might represent your homepage menu — if it helps to think about it like that.)
  • What is the hierarchy of pages on your site?
  • How will the pages link together?
  • What pages and categories are essential to your site and user experience, and which ones could be removed or combined?

Writing Your Website Code

The next step in the web development process is writing the code.

Developers will use different coding languages for the front-end and backend of websites, as well as for different functionalities of the site (such as design, interactivity, etc.) These different languages work together to build and run your site.

Let’s start with the most commonly-used languages. Almost every website uses these three together, and yours probably will, too.


HyperText Markup Language (HTML) has been used since the 1990s. It’s the foundation of all websites and represents the bare minimum of what’s needed to create a website. (Yes, you can create a website with only HTML. It wouldn’t look too pretty, though.)

Languages like CSS and JavaScript enhance and modify the basic site structure built by HTML codes. HTML5 is the most recent version and supports cross-platform browser functionality, making it popular in mobile application development.


Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) was developed in the late 1990s. It adds design elements like typography, colors, and layouts to websites; it’s the cosmetic code.

CSS allows developers to transform your website to match the concerned with beauty you envisioned for your site, and like HTML5, CSS is compatible with all browsers.


JavaScript is the cherry-on-top of coding languages. Created in the mid-90s, JavaScript is used to add functionality to websites. Developers use it to add animations, automate tasks within certain pages, and add interactive features that enhance user experience.

JavaScript is rapidly evolving. Once considered a “toy” language, JavaScript is now the most widely used coding language in the world. With the help of Node.Js, it’s now a backend coding language. It’s the first language to be understood by browser, and some have even discussed applying machine learning to it, too.

HTML, CSS, JavaScript are the “big three” of web development. Almost every website uses them in some capacity. There are plenty of others, such as server-side languages like JavaC++Python, and SQL, but understanding these three is foundational to your website development knowledge.

Building the Backend of Your Website

Writing code might be one of the more complicated parts of web development, but it’s hardly the only component. You also have to build your backend and front-end site structures and design.

Let’s start with the backend.

The backend handles the data that enables the functionality on the front-end. For example, Facebook’s backend stores my photos, so that the front-end can then allow others to look at them. It’s comprised of two major components:

  • Databases, which is responsible for storing, organizing, and processing data so that it’s retrievable by server requests
  • Servers, which is the hardware and software that make up your computer. Servers are responsible for sending, processing, and receiving data requests. They’re the intermediary between the database and the client/browser. The browser will, in effect, tell the server “I need this information”, and the server will know how to get that information from the database and send it to the client.

These components work together to build the foundation for each website.

As for building your website, backend developers will establish three things.

  1. Your logic code, which is essentially a set of rules for how your website will respond to certain requests and how objects of your website will interact.
  2. Your database management, which is how your website will organize, manage, and retrieve its data. Read more on SQL vs. NoSQL here.
  3. Your infrastructure, which is how your site will be hosted. Hosting your own site will give you greater control, but it’s much more expensive and requires you to maintain your own server health and security.

With these components and decisions in place, your website will be ready for front-end development.

Building the Front-End of Your Website

If you’ve ever dabbled in web design or toyed with a website in WordPress, Squarespace, or Google Sites, you’ve touched front-end web development.

The front-end stuff is important — it’s what your visitors, customers, and users see and how they’ll use your website.

Front-end (or client-side) development includes a combination of JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. It also controls components such as typography and fonts, navigation, positioning, and browser compatibility and responsiveness. This part will reflect more of your initial site vision and what you included in your wireframe.


These are very common process which is followed very often. and remember every website does not need database(like static website). but understanding of backend is must if you want to become a developer.

Click here to Know about 7 things you should know as a web developer

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